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Scientists Tashkent comprise twenty-five centuries - from the first few settlements to the modern metropolis with its tall buildings, crowded avenues and streams of cars. When night rides to the city, the glow of the lights took up half the sky.

About Tashkent is mentioned in "Avesta" in ancient Chinese sources. He was born in the valley Chirchik, on the border of the oasis and steppe as a meeting place of farmers and pastoralists, settled population and nomads for collaborative commerce. And this place was so successful that the city has survived, despite all the trials - wars, invasions and sieges. In the ancient chronicles it was known as Yuni, Chach, Shash ... According to Beruni and Mahmud Kashgar, Tashkent own name appeared in the Turkic sources IX - XII centuries. The city has always been a bridge between East and West, North and South. Advantageous geographical location and favorable climate have already made in ancient Tashkent one of the main hubs for trade arteries of the Silk Road.

Fate of Tashkent was often dramatic. On him as a rich trading city always coveted more powerful neighbors. And he rarely belonged to itself. In the VII century Tashkent was the "summer" capital of the Western Turkic Kaganate, in the VIII century, was destroyed by the Arabs, but was revived, and in the beginning of the XIII century, the city seized Khwarizmshah Muhammad, who then "gave" his Kuchliku Khan. In the XIV century Tashkent was a part of the empire of Amir Temur, who passed it to his grandson Ulugbek. In the XVI century the city was of the invasion and in the next century it was conquered Imam Quli Khan of Bukhara, who left his regent. At the beginning of the XIX century Tashkent became the possession of the Kokand ruler Alim Khan. And in the same century the city was included in the Russia Empire and became the administrative and political center of Turkestan. And, finally, in the twentieth century Tashkent survived the Soviet regime and became a sovereign capital of Uzbekistan - the sovereign and independent state.

Ultimately, Tashkent was born under a lucky star. The city lives and grows, constantly pushing their limits. If in the middle of the nineteenth century there were about 100 thousand inhabitants, in the early twenty-first century, their number was more than 2.5 million.

Tashkent is rich in archaeological monuments. No city in Central Asia have not been studied by scientists as the capital of Uzbekistan. If ten years ago in the city had 39 archaeological sites, but now they have over 240.
Navoi Avenue, opposite the high-rise hotel "Chorsu" on the hill is perfectly preserved monumental building madrassas Kukeldash, followed by the main dome are visible in Tashkent Djuma mosque associated with the name of its builder - the largest religious leader Hoja Ahrar Timurid era, born in Tashkent.

In the historic part of town Khastimom is a remarkable monument - Mazar Kaffal Shashi. It is a simple brick building with the remnants of majolica ornaments high dome crowns. In it lie the remains of one of the first preachers of Islam in Tashkent Abu Bakr ibn Ismail Kaffal Shashi, who lived in the tenth century. The mausoleum over his grave, which became a place of worship of believers, erected in the sixteenth century.
To the south of the mausoleum is one of the finest monuments of architecture in Central Asia, the XVI century - a complex of Barak-Khan madrassah and includes two mausoleums, one of which was erected over the burial of the first ruler of Tashkent, the Uzbek dynasty Sheibanids - Suyudzhihana. Grandson Ulugbek, an enlightened ruler, he drew to his court scholars and poets, as well as a mentor of his son, Barak-Khan invited the famous poet Herat Zaynaddina Wasifi, who wrote about Tashkent the following lines: "Anyone who sees this city does not want him to leave He stops dreaming about the benefits of heaven. Currently, the complex Barak-Khan is located Spiritual Administration of Muslims of Uzbekistan.

In the twentieth century, the city within one generation lived through two wrenching events. The first was the devastating earthquake of 1966, putting an end to the old one-story Tashkent. About him like a monument "Courage", set in the epicenter of the earthquake. There remained only "islands" of old buildings. City seized a large-building, which gave citizens a new level of comfort. Another event that changed not only the appearance of the capital, but also the entire country, was the declaration of independence in 1991 the republic. The tall buildings of glass and metal, stacked overpasses, new parks, museums, fountains - Tashkent is rapidly becoming a modern developed international megalopolis.

Formed a new architectural look of the capital city. Keeping the national traditions of architecture, are erecting new buildings, with the world's models of urban development.
Uzbek capital of his contemporaries called the "Star of the East" and "ambassador of peace", these names are surprisingly harmoniously with the very essence of the city, more than twenty centuries symbolically illuminating the life of its citizens and road travelers.